Insights into the power of Holocaust history -
A young woman drew to document desperation in the ghetto. A composer wrote an opera while surviving under a false identity. A Jewish woman penned a poem about her friendship with fellow forced laborers.

This International Artists Day, we honor Holocaust victims and survivors by sharing some of their artistic creations in the Museum’s collection. These works—testaments to the resilience of the human spirit in a time of brutality—stand as evidence, inspire learning about this history, and help preserve the memory of those who were killed.



United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Images: A watercolor painted by Simon Jeruchim in 1943 or 1944. USHMM, courtesy of Simon Jeruchim; Portraits of Fritzi Geiringer painted by her husband, Erich, circa 1942–44. USHMM, courtesy of Eva Schloss; Composer and Holocaust survivor Joseph Beer; pictured before World War II. Courtesy of Béatrice Beer; Artist Esther Lurie pictured after World War II. USHMM, gift of Esther Lurie; A drawing, “Mother’s Shoes,” by ​​Ava Hegedish, circa 1942–44. USHMM, Gift of Ava Kadishson Schieber; A poem written by Erzsébet Frank in 1945 and illustrated by her fellow forced laborer in Markkleeberg, Germany. USHMM, Gift of Elizabeth Mermel; While serving in the US Army, Metropolitan Museum of Art curator James Rorimer supervises American GIs carrying paintings down the steps of the Neuschwanstein Castle in southern Germany in 1945. National Archives, provided by the Monuments Men Foundation for the Preservation of Art, Dallas